May 07, 2009

Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and Atse Menelik of Ethiopia

Around 1890 to 1900 or just before the Russian Bolshevik October revolution, there was a great activity between the Russians and the Ethiopians. The Russians received golden crown, Ethiopian artifacts and jewels while the Ethiopians received a large supply of rifles. Ethiopian dignitaries were received well especially by the Russian Orthodox synods as they considered the Ethiopians as "black brethren" due to the fact of the same religion. Russian soldiers were also known to accompany the Ethiopians in the attempt of the Ethiopians who were trying to secure the borderlands before the advent of the European powers such as the French and the Italians and the British in the Horn of Africa. The series of postcards below are rare photographs of the Russian Royal family before they were executed savagely by irresponsible authorities. For larger images double click and scroll!

POSTCARDS with reverse side details:

February 28, 2009

Ethiopian Genealogy: The Traditional Method

Woizero Atsede Awlawchew Yemiru (1956). 17th Descendant of Emperor Gelawdeos of Ethiopia

The records of Ethiopian genealogy was usually kept by oral history and/or written history. Ancestral names are not used in Ethiopia. For example if Haile (first name) had a son named Abate (first name), records indicate that the person's full name is known as Abate Haile. If the first name of Haile's father is Haile Selassie, then the full name of Haile would be Haile Abate Haile Selassie and so on. However recently, ancestral name have began to be used in Ethiopia after the fall of the Feudal and Solomonic House of Ethiopia in 1974 (Haile Selassie I). Thus the ancestral name of Haile will be Haile Selassie and his grandchild Fayisa would be for example Fayisa Haile Selassie.

Written documents exists in Ethiopia and the records shown here was obtained from the daughter of Woizero Tejenesh Negussei of Selale, North of Addis Abeba. The records were passed from generation to generation, and in the process names were added by succeeding descendants. Similar records exists for the Emperors of Ethiopia and Meroe Ethiopia (Check Rulers of Ethiopia Blog). Ethiopians who were not able to acquire scribes , priests and literate persons usually preserved their history usuing oral tradition. In most cases most Ethiopians are related to Emperors, Queens, Emirs, Chiefs regardless of their heirarchial positions in society. Please comment on the pages that will be gradually added. Below is the first page from the genealogy list. It begins as follows:

Atse (Emperor) Fassil begat Melakawit, Melakawit begat Gunday, Gunday begat Memhere Zekuskwam, Memhere (teacher) Zekuskwam begat Atse Tsebuhe etc.

Eventually we will add the full translations into English. The word begat will be used for simplicity and tradition. Comment is highly appreciated especially if you click on the document below and help in deciphering unclear names.

Page One: Records of Emperor Gelawdeos and Fassilidas (Fassil) 17th century: